GHSA-3qx2-6f78-w2j2

Suggest an improvement
Source
https://github.com/advisories/GHSA-3qx2-6f78-w2j2
Import Source
https://github.com/github/advisory-database/blob/main/advisories/github-reviewed/2023/12/GHSA-3qx2-6f78-w2j2/GHSA-3qx2-6f78-w2j2.json
JSON Data
https://api.osv.dev/v1/vulns/GHSA-3qx2-6f78-w2j2
Aliases
Published
2023-12-13T23:09:04Z
Modified
2024-02-16T08:14:50.785317Z
Severity
  • 5.3 (Medium) CVSS_V3 - CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:L CVSS Calculator
Summary
Denial of service caused by infinite recursion when parsing SVG images
Details

Summary

When parsing SVG images Dompdf performs an initial validation to ensure that paths within the SVG are allowed. One of the validations is that the SVG document does not reference itself. However, a recursive chained using two or more SVG documents is not correctly validated. Depending on the system configuration and attack pattern this could exhaust the memory available to the executing process and/or to the server itself.

Details

php-svg-lib, when run in isolation, does not support SVG references for image elements. An SVG document can, however, be referenced and Dompdf will run that reference through the same validation. Dompdf currently includes validation to prevent self-referential image references, but a chained reference is not checked. A malicious actor may thus trigger infinite recursion in the validation process by chaining references between two or more SVG images.

PoC

This following sources can be used to bypass validation provided by Dompdf:

recurse.html

<img src="one.svg">

one.svg

<svg width="200" height="200" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg">
  <image href="two.svg" />
</svg>

two.svg

<svg width="200" height="200" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg">
  <image href="one.svg" />
</svg>

Impact

When Dompdf parses the above payload, it will crash due after exceeding the allowed execution time or memory usage. An attacker sending multiple request to a system can potentially cause resource exhaustion to the point that the system is unable to handle incoming request.

References

Affected packages

Packagist / dompdf/dompdf

Package

Name
dompdf/dompdf
Purl
pkg:composer/dompdf/dompdf

Affected ranges

Type
ECOSYSTEM
Events
Introduced
0Unknown introduced version / All previous versions are affected
Fixed
2.0.4

Affected versions

v0.*

v0.6.0
v0.6.1
v0.6.2
v0.7.0-beta
v0.7.0-beta2
v0.7.0-beta3
v0.7.0
v0.8.0
v0.8.1
v0.8.2
v0.8.3
v0.8.4
v0.8.5
v0.8.6

v1.*

v1.0.0
v1.0.1
v1.0.2
v1.1.0
v1.1.1
v1.2.0
v1.2.1
v1.2.2

v2.*

v2.0.0
v2.0.1
v2.0.2
v2.0.3