GHSA-4v38-964c-xjmw

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Source
https://github.com/advisories/GHSA-4v38-964c-xjmw
Import Source
https://github.com/github/advisory-database/blob/main/advisories/github-reviewed/2023/04/GHSA-4v38-964c-xjmw/GHSA-4v38-964c-xjmw.json
JSON Data
https://api.osv.dev/v1/vulns/GHSA-4v38-964c-xjmw
Aliases
Published
2023-04-19T18:26:35Z
Modified
2023-11-08T04:12:19.531730Z
Severity
  • 9.9 (Critical) CVSS_V3 - CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H CVSS Calculator
Summary
Code injection via unescaped translations in xwiki-platform
Details

Impact

In XWiki, every user can add translations that are only applied to the current user. This also allows overriding existing translations. Such translations are often included in privileged contexts without any escaping which allows remote code execution for any user who has edit access on at least one document which could be the user's own profile where edit access is enabled by default.

The following describes a proof of concept exploit to demonstrate this vulnerability:

  1. Edit the user profile with the wiki editor and set the content to
    error={{/html}} {{async async="true" cached="false" context="doc.reference"}}{{groovy}}println("hello from groovy!"){{/groovy}}{{/async}}
    
  2. Use the object editor to add an object of type XWiki.TranslationDocumentClass with scope USER.
  3. Open the document WikiManager.AdminWikiDescriptorSheet.

The expected result would be that a message with title {{/html}} {{async async="true" cached="false" context="doc.reference"}}{{groovy}}println("hello from groovy!"){{/groovy}}{{/async}} is displayed while in fact an error that the HTML macro couldn't be executed is displayed, followed by the text "hello from groovy!" and some raw HTML, showing that the Groovy macro has been executed.

Patches

A mitigation for this vulnerability is part of XWiki 14.10.2 and XWiki 15.0 RC1: translations with user scope now require script right. This means that regular users cannot exploit this anymore as users don't have script right by default anymore starting with XWiki 14.10.

Workarounds

There are no known workarounds apart from upgrading to a patched versions.

References

  • https://jira.xwiki.org/browse/XWIKI-19749
  • https://github.com/xwiki/xwiki-platform/commit/d06ff8a58480abc7f63eb1d4b8b366024d990643

For more information

If you have any questions or comments about this advisory: * Open an issue in Jira XWiki.org * Email us at Security Mailing List

References

Affected packages

Maven / org.xwiki.platform:xwiki-platform-administration-ui

Package

Name
org.xwiki.platform:xwiki-platform-administration-ui
View open source insights on deps.dev
Purl
pkg:maven/org.xwiki.platform/xwiki-platform-administration-ui

Affected ranges

Type
ECOSYSTEM
Events
Introduced
4.3-milestone-2
Fixed
14.10.2