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Command Injection in moment-timezone


All versions of moment-timezone from 0.1.0 contain build tasks vulnerable to command injection.

  • if Alice uses tzdata pipeline to package moment-timezone on her own (for example via grunt data:2014d, where 2014d stands for the version of the tzdata to be used from IANA's website),
  • and Alice let's Mallory select the version (2014d in our example), then Mallory can execute arbitrary commands on the machine running the grunt task, with the same privilege as the grunt task

Am I affected?

Do you build custom versions of moment-timezone with grunt?

If no, you're not affected.

Do you allow a third party to specify which particular version you want build?

If yes, you're vulnerable to command injection -- third party may execute arbitrary commands on the system running grunt task with the same privileges as grunt task.


Command Injection via grunt-zdownload.js and MITM on iana's ftp endpoint

The tasks/data-download.js script takes in a parameter from grunt and uses it to form a command line which is then executed:

6  module.exports = function (grunt) {
7      grunt.registerTask('data-download', '1. Download data from', function (version) {
8          version = version || 'latest';

10          var done  = this.async(),
11              src   = '',
12              curl  = path.resolve('temp/curl', version, 'data.tar.gz'),
13              dest  = path.resolve('temp/download', version);
24          exec('curl ' + src + ' -o ' + curl + ' && cd ' + dest + ' && gzip -dc ' + curl + ' | tar -xf -', function (err) {

Ordinarily, one one run this script using something like grunt data-download:2014d, in which case version would have the value 2014d. However, if an attacker were to provide additional content on the command line, they would be able to execute arbitrary code

root@e94ba0490b65:/usr/src/app/moment-timezone# grunt 'data-download:2014d ; echo flag>/tmp/foo #'
\Running "data-download:2014d ; echo flag>/tmp/foo #" (data-download) task
>> Downloading ; echo flag>/tmp/foo #.tar.gz
>> Downloaded ; echo flag>/tmp/foo #.tar.gz

root@e94ba0490b65:/usr/src/app/moment-timezone# cat /tmp/foo

Command Injection via data-zdump.js

The tasks/data-zdump.js script reads a list of files present in a temporary directory (created by previous tasks), and for each one, assembles and executes a command line without sanitization. As a result, an attacker able to influence the contents of that directory could gain code execution. This attack is exacerbated by timezone data being downloaded via cleartext FTP (described above), but beyond that, an attacker at able to modify the timezone files could disrupt any systems that build moment-timezone.

15              files     = grunt.file.expand({ filter : 'isFile', cwd : 'temp/zic/' + version }, '**/*');
27          function next () {
33              var file = files.pop(),
34                  src  = path.join(zicBase, file),
35                  dest = path.join(zdumpBase, file);
36              exec('zdump -v ' + src, { maxBuffer: 20*1024*1024 }, function (err, stdout) {

In this case, an attacker able to add a file to temp/zic/2014d (for example) with a filename like Z; curl would influence the called to exec on line 36 and run arbitrary code. There are a few minor challenges in exploiting this, since the string needs to be a valid filename.

Command Injection via data-zic.js

Similar to the vulnerability in /tasks/data-download.js, the /tasks/data-zic.js script takes a version from the command line and uses it as part of a command line, executed without sanitization.

10          var done  = this.async(),
11              dest  = path.resolve('temp/zic', version),
22              var file = files.shift(),
23                  src = path.resolve('temp/download', version, file);
25              exec('zic -d ' + dest + ' ' + src, function (err) {

As a result, an attacker able to influence that string can run arbitrary commands. Of course, it requires an attacker able to influence the command passed to grunt, so may be unlikely in practice.

root@e94ba0490b65:/usr/src/app/moment-timezone# grunt 'data-zic:2014d; echo hi > /tmp/evil; echo '
Running "data-zic:2014d; echo hi > /tmp/evil; echo " (data-zic) task
exec: zid -d /usr/src/app/moment-timezone/temp/zic/2014d; echo hi > /tmp/evil; echo  /usr/src/app/moment-timezone/temp/download/2014d; echo hi > /tmp/evil; echo /africa

root@e94ba0490b65:/usr/src/app/moment-timezone# cat /tmp/evil


The supplied patch on top of 0.5.34 is applicable with minor tweaks to all affected versions. It switches exec to execFile so arbitrary bash fragments won't be executed any more.



Affected packages

npm / moment-timezone


Affected ranges