GHSA-7m8g-fprr-47fx

Source
https://github.com/advisories/GHSA-7m8g-fprr-47fx
Import Source
https://github.com/github/advisory-database/blob/main/advisories/github-reviewed/2024/02/GHSA-7m8g-fprr-47fx/GHSA-7m8g-fprr-47fx.json
Aliases
Published
2024-02-05T20:22:05Z
Modified
2024-02-16T07:56:27.897284Z
Details

Summary

Unsafe echo of filename in phpMyFAQ\phpmyfaq\admin\attachments.php leading to allow execute JavaScript code in client side (XSS)

Details

On that snippet code of rendering the file attachments from user tables

<?php foreach ($crumbs as $item) : ?>
        <tr id="attachment_<?= $item->id ?>" title="<?= $item->thema ?>">
          <td><?= $item->id ?></td>
          <td><?= $item->filename ?></td>
          <td><?= $item->record_lang ?></td>
          <td><?= Utils::formatBytes($item->filesize) ?></td>
          <td><?= $item->mime_type ?></td>
          <td>

The data directly rendering with short hand echo without any sanitation first, its recommend to use existing class of Strings::htmlentities on use phpMyFAQ\Strings;

<td><?= Strings::htmlentities($item->filename); ?></td>
<td><?= Strings::htmlentities($item->record_lang); ?></td>
<td><?= Utils::formatBytes($item->filesize) ?></td>
<td><?= Strings::htmlentities($item->mime_type); ?></td>

Propose fixing on that pull request https://github.com/thorsten/phpMyFAQ/pull/2827

PoC

  1. An attacker with permission will upload the attachments image on http://{base_url}/admin/?action=editentry
  2. On endpoint of ajax upload image POST /admin/index.php?action=ajax&ajax=att&ajaxaction=upload
  3. Change the originally name file on parameters filename to a XSS payload
  4. The XSS will trigger on attachment pages /admin/?action=attachments
  • Trigger XSS image

  • Payload XSS <img width="1000" alt="image" src="https://user-images.githubusercontent.com/37658579/301022571-d6cdd166-b1f9-4062-87c5-c8bbb308cd5d.png">

Impact

This vulnerability will allow an attacker with a permissions of uploading an attachment to storing the payload of XSS on database specific table faqattachment columns filename.

The XSS payload could be rendering on page that listing the file on tables, and impact to others user that on the hierarchy.

The payload XSS have several attack scenario such like

  1. Stealing the cookies (isn’t possible since HttpOnly)
  2. Crashing the application with a looping javascript payload
References

Affected packages

Packagist / phpmyfaq/phpmyfaq

Package

Affected ranges

Type
ECOSYSTEM
Events
Introduced
0The exact introduced commit is unknown
Fixed
3.2.5

Affected versions

2.*

2.8.0-alpha2
2.8.0-alpha3
2.8.0-beta
2.8.0-beta2
2.8.0-beta3
2.8.0-RC
2.8.0-RC2
2.8.0-RC3
2.8.0-RC4
2.8.0
2.8.1
2.8.2
2.8.3
2.8.4
2.8.5
2.8.6
2.8.7
2.8.8
2.8.9
2.8.10
2.8.11
2.8.12
2.8.13
2.8.14
2.8.15
2.8.16
2.8.17
2.8.18
2.8.19
2.8.20
2.8.21
2.8.22
2.8.23
2.8.24
2.8.25
2.8.26
2.8.27
2.8.28
2.8.29
2.9.0-alpha
2.9.0-alpha2
2.9.0-alpha3
2.9.0-alpha4
2.9.0-beta
2.9.0-beta2
2.9.0-rc
2.9.0-rc2
2.9.0-rc3
2.9.0-rc4
2.9.0
2.9.1
2.9.2
2.9.3
2.9.4
2.9.5
2.9.6
2.9.7
2.9.8
2.9.9
2.9.10
2.9.11
2.9.12
2.9.13
2.10.0-alpha

3.*

3.0.0-alpha
3.0.0-alpha.2
3.0.0-alpha.3
3.0.0-alpha.4
3.0.0-beta
3.0.0-beta.2
3.0.0-beta.3
3.0.0-RC
3.0.0-RC.2
3.0.0
3.0.1
3.0.2
3.0.3
3.0.4
3.0.5
3.0.6
3.0.7
3.0.8
3.0.9
3.0.10
3.0.11
3.0.12
3.1.0-alpha
3.1.0-alpha.2
3.1.0-alpha.3
3.1.0-beta
3.1.0-RC
3.1.0
3.1.1
3.1.2
3.1.3
3.1.4
3.1.5
3.1.6
3.1.7
3.1.8
3.1.9
3.1.10
3.1.11
3.1.12
3.1.13
3.1.14
3.1.15
3.1.16
3.1.17
3.1.18
3.2.0-alpha
3.2.0-beta
3.2.0-beta.2
3.2.0-RC
3.2.0-RC.2
3.2.0-RC.4
3.2.0
3.2.1
3.2.2
3.2.3
3.2.4