GHSA-xg9w-r469-m455

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Source
https://github.com/advisories/GHSA-xg9w-r469-m455
Import Source
https://github.com/github/advisory-database/blob/main/advisories/github-reviewed/2024/06/GHSA-xg9w-r469-m455/GHSA-xg9w-r469-m455.json
JSON Data
https://api.osv.dev/v1/vulns/GHSA-xg9w-r469-m455
Published
2024-06-07T20:27:03Z
Modified
2024-06-07T20:30:43.517964Z
Severity
  • 7.4 (High) CVSS_V3 - CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:N CVSS Calculator
Summary
ZendFramework Potential Information Disclosure and Insufficient Entropy vulnerabilities
Details

In Zend Framework 2, the Zend\Math\Rand component generates random bytes using the OpenSSL or Mcrypt extensions when available but will otherwise use PHP's mt_rand() function as a fallback. All outputs from mt_rand() are predictable for the same PHP process if an attacker can brute force the seed used by the Marsenne-Twister algorithm in a Seed Recovery Attack. This attack can be successfully applied with minimum effort if the attacker has access to either a random number from mt_rand() or a Session ID generated without using additional entropy. This makes mt_rand() unsuitable for generating non-trivial random bytes since it has Insufficient Entropy to protect against brute force attacks on the seed.

The Zend\Validate\Csrf component generates CSRF tokens by SHA1 hashing a salt, random number possibly generated using mt_rand() and a form name. Where the salt is known, an attacker can brute force the SHA1 hash with minimum effort to discover the random number when mt_rand() is utilised as a fallback to the OpenSSL and Mcrypt extensions. This constitutes an Information Disclosure where the recovered random number may itself be brute forced to recover the seed value and predict the output of other mt_rand() calls for the same PHP process. This may potentially lead to vulnerabilities in areas of an application where mt_rand() calls exist beyond the scope of Zend Framework.

References

Affected packages

Packagist / zendframework/zendframework

Package

Name
zendframework/zendframework
Purl
pkg:composer/zendframework/zendframework

Affected ranges

Type
ECOSYSTEM
Events
Introduced
2.0.0
Fixed
2.0.8

Affected versions

2.*

2.0.0
2.0.1
2.0.2
2.0.3
2.0.4
2.0.5
2.0.6
2.0.7

Packagist / zendframework/zendframework

Package

Name
zendframework/zendframework
Purl
pkg:composer/zendframework/zendframework

Affected ranges

Type
ECOSYSTEM
Events
Introduced
2.1.0
Fixed
2.1.4

Affected versions

2.*

2.1.0
2.1.1
2.1.2
2.1.3